Carpal tunnel syndrome is a medical condition that results from compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and tingling in the thumb and fingers. Symptoms typically start gradually, and extend up the arm. Weak grip strength may occur and, after a long period of time, the muscles at the base of the thumb are compromised.
Risk factors include obesity, repetitive wrist work, pregnancy, and rheumatoid arthritis. Actions associated with the condition includes computer work, repetitive work with tools, and work that requires a strong grip.
A physician will perform diagnostic tests to confirm carpal tunnel syndrome and the recommended treatment, which may include corticosteroid injections or surgery.
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